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Characteristics and Examples of Logical-mathematical Intelligence

Logical-mathematical learners have a profound knowledge in disciplines involving math and logic. The PsycholoGenie article below highlights the characteristics and examples of logical-mathematical intelligence.
PsycholoGenie Staff
Did You Know?
People with autism and Asperger's syndrome are believed to possess an exceptional logical-mathematical intelligence, despite a slightly under-developed personal intelligence.

Logical-mathematical intelligence is one of the many intelligence types as stated by Howard Gardner. People belonging to this intelligence type have exceptional logical skills and a great affinity towards mathematics and reasoning. According to them, the solution to every problem lies in simple logic. They believe in applying reason and detecting suitable patterns to arrive at a solution.
The following paragraphs provide an insight into the traits of logical-mathematical intelligence with suitable facts and examples.
They have a penchant for all things organized. They love to classify things in the right order and detect and recognize patterns. This organization skill is useful in statistics, logistics, graph theory, geometry, etc.
Logical Reasoning
For these individuals, logic is the watchword. Everything in the world has a logical reason behind it. They believe in getting to the root of the problem, analyze patters, detect the reason behind event occurrence, and arrive at a solution. They will not believe in anything without strong evidence.
Scientific Mind
They possess a scientific mind. They love conducting scientific experiments―follow a procedure, note down observations, and present an inference. They love the conceptual subjects of physics, chemistry, and math.
◼ Mathematical Skills
As mentioned earlier, such individuals love mathematics. Many of them can easily solve math problems mentally, without having to resort to pen and paper. They keep thinking about the problem continuously, compute the problem step-by-step, and arrive at a solution. In short, they have a 'computer-like' mind.
Critical Analysis
They have abstract ideas and patterns. They analyze every problem from a critical perspective. This skill is very useful in programming and related fields.
◼ A person who loves to play chess may definitely possess logical-mathematical intelligence. Chess is a mind game; he would love to think rationally and detect innovative ways to win the game.
◼ A child exhibits interest in puzzles. Solving quizzes and puzzles is something that such people look forward to.
◼ A student loves to read detective novels and watch crime fiction movies.
◼ An individual loves to play strategic computer games, card games, like Solitaire, and even Sudoko.
◼ A person might be exceptionally smart in applying the right skills to the stock market. He will know the way the stocks and shares deviate and will also know which share to purchase when, when and how much to invest, etc.
◼ A student may be a brilliant programmer. He may not be as intelligent in other subjects, but he will have mastered logic and will understand how to program codes, detect bugs, etc.
◼ A student will demonstrate utmost interest in subjects like math, logic, aptitude, computers, electronics, accounts, etc.
◼ An individual would love to conduct scientific experiments. He will view every problem in a scientific perspective, and will think rationally to arrive at a solution.
◼ A person will love to play around with figures―he will enjoy planning the budget of an event, analyzing the rise and fall in the financial fortunes of a company by means of studying graphs, charts, etc.
◼ A student will love dealing with heavy computations―solving them and getting to the root of the problem is likely to give him immense joy.
Suitable Careers
  • Architect
  • Engineer
  • Programmer
  • Accountant
  • Financial analyst/auditor
  • Mathematician
  • Project manager
  • Insurance expert
  • Electrician
  • Detective
  • Physicist
  • Aviation
  • Chemist
  • Telecommunications manager
  • Lawyer
  • Doctor
  • Researcher
  • Scientist
Famous People
Albert Einstein: Renowned for the theory of relativity, Albert Einstein was a famous physician and mathematician.

John von Neumann: He was a famous mathematician and inventor.
Paul Erdös: One of the most brilliant mathematicians of the last century, Paul Erdös was known to be an eccentric individual; his contributions to graph theory, probability, number theory, set theory, etc., are exceptional.
Jedediah Buxton: He was known as the brilliant mental calculator. Believe it or not, he could work out calculations as complicated as 2138 = approx 726 thousand million million million million million.
Bill Gates: The richest man in the world, a noted computer programmer and business tycoon.
Sir Isaac Newton: A brilliant scientist and inventor who revolutionized the way we viewed our world with his theories and discoveries. Some of his ground-breaking works include the theory of gravity, the laws of motion and many key scientific concepts.
Mark Zuckerberg: The chairman of Facebook Inc., Mark Zuckerberg is a brilliant computer programmer and analyst.
Marian Diamond: She is a noted researcher in the field of neuroanatomy and has published many books on the subject as well.
Bertrand Russell: A British logician and mathematician, he is one of the select few to have expertise in a myriad of disciplines, ranging from mathematics to metaphysics to language to philosophy.
Sherlock Holmes: A famous fictional character created by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, Sherlock Holmes epitomizes an individual with logical-mathematical intelligence.
While we all possess a certain type of intelligence, there is no reason why we should not train our minds to think differently. Logical-mathematical intelligence can be developed and strengthened by practicing appropriate exercises.