Schizophrenia is a mental disorder which can be caused in both men and women. This disorder takes the patient away from reality and they start living in a fantasy world of their own. 1-2% of the population is affected with this disorder worldwide. There are many types of schizophrenia, among which disorganized schizophrenia is one of the most dangerous ones. This disorder is also known as hebephrenic schizophrenia.
It is usually cased after the age of 25 but in rare cases it can be observed earlier also. There are many options for disorganized schizophrenia treatment, but any delay in the treatment may cause many complications. So, get details about the treatment in the following paragraphs.
Treatment for Disorganized Schizophrenia
Disorganized schizophrenia is a chronic mental disorder which may be very severe if not taken care of in time. The causes are unknown but the people who have a family history of depression or mental illness are more susceptible to getting this disorder. Sudden change in behavior like crying or laughing for no reason, slurred speech, blank expression, inability to take care of personal hygiene, disorganized thinking, suicidal thoughts, etc. are some of the symptoms of disorganized schizophrenia.
There are many diagnostic tests which will be performed by the doctor in order to confirm this disorder. Once the disorder is confirmed, the treatment will require support of the doctors. But the most important support will be of family and near ones. So, to see your loved ones normal and healthy you need to be very supportive and helpful. Following are some of the treatments for disorganized schizophrenia which can help your loved ones to get away from this chronic mental illness.
Medication is the primary treatment given to patients of disorganized schizophrenia. Anti-psychotics are used to control schizophrenia symptoms by balancing the brain chemicals. They are very effective in managing delusions, hallucinations, loss of motivation and lack of emotion, etc. Apart from these medications, antidepressants and anti-anxiety medications are also used to control complications.
The dosage may depend upon the age and condition of the patient. Though these medications are very effective they are associated with lots of side effects like diabetes, weight gain, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, changes in a person's white blood cell count, etc.
Psychotherapy is considered to be one of the most effective disorganized schizophrenia treatments. It can be either individual therapy or family therapy. In individual therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy has proved to be very effective in coping with this mental health disorder. This therapy can relieve a person from stress, improve communication skills, removes harmful thoughts and helps to get back to his normal life. Family therapy helps the family members to understand the patient's situation and how to give them support so that they can recover from this situation.
Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT)
This is a procedure in which electric current is passed through the brain. This affects the brain and reduces the symptoms of disorganized schizophrenia. Though it may sound and look very ruthless it is one of the most effective therapies in curing this mental illness.
Social and Vocational Skills Training
There are many programs and training centers which help patients of schizophrenia to live an independent life. They teach them to maintain hygiene, communicate, cook and perform their daily tasks. Apart from this, they also offer jobs for which they give extra training and thus they help them financially too.
These treatments are effective only when you strictly follow the instructions given by the doctor. Drugs and alcohol can worsen the situation. Hence try to keep your loved ones away from it. Your time, love, support and help are the best treatments for them to cope up with this mental disorder.