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Common Medications for Treating Depression

Common Medications for Treating Depression
The major groups of medicines used for the treatment of depression and related conditions, have been listed in the following article.
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Also known as antidepressants, these drugs are prescribed to treat symptoms associated with depression and mood disorders. They may also be regarded as mood-stabilizing drugs. Common medical disorders which are treated using antidepressants include chronic depression, anxiety and panic attacks, disorders related to eating or feeding, obsessive compulsive disorders, post-traumatic stress disorder, agitation, and manic-depressive disorders.
Types of Antidepressants
The main types of antidepressants include:
Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs)
This class of antidepressants are usually the first choice of treatment. The common examples include:
  • Citalopram (Celexa)
  • Escitalopram (Lexapro)
  • Fluoxetine (Prozac, Prozac Weekly)
  • Fluvoxamine (Luvox, Luvox CR)
  • Paroxetine (Paxil, Paxil CR)
  • Sertraline (Zoloft)
Atypical Antidepressants
These medicines work by balancing the levels of neurotransmitters, which are messengers that carry signals to and from the brain cells. They cause fewer side effects when compared to other kinds of antidepressants. Common depression medications belonging to this class are:
  • Bupropion
  • Trazodone
  • Mirtazapine
  • Nefazodone
Serotonin and Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitors (SNRIs)
These drugs block the uptake of neurotransmitters, thereby influencing their function. Common drugs classified as SSNRIs include:
  • Venlafaxine
  • Desvenlafaxine
  • Duloxetine
Tricyclic and Tetracyclic Antidepressants
Although considered to be an option for treating depression, they are not usually preferred. This is due to their higher tendency to cause numerous side effects. Also, their overdose can prove to be fatal. Common names to be included here are:
  • Amitriptyline
  • Clomipramine (Anafranil)
  • Doxepin (Sinequan)
  • Imipramine (Tofranil, Tofranil-pm)
  • Trimipramine (Surmontil)
  • Nortriptyline (Pamelor, Aventyl)
  • Protriptyline (Vivactil)
  • Amoxapine
  • Maprotiline
Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors (MAOIs)
When all other drugs fail to respond, patients are treated with this class of antidepressants. The side effects in this case could be so severe and potentially life-threatening, that their use is avoided as far as possible. Common MAOIs are:
  • Isocarboxazid (Marplan)
  • Phenelzine (Nardil)
  • Tranylcypromine (Parnate)
  • Selegiline (Emsam, Eldepryl, Zelapar)
Side Effects of Antidepressants
The intensity or the severity of the side effects given below, may vary from person to person.
  • Anxiety
  • Blurred vision
  • Digestive disorders such as constipation and diarrhea
  • Inability to achieve orgasm or erection
  • Headache, which may be accompanied with nausea
  • Increased agitation for no apparent reason
  • Low sex drive
  • Pain in the abdominal region
  • Sedation
  • Sleep disorders
  • Urinary retention
  • Dry mouth
  • Unintended weight gain
  • Fatigue
  • Drowsiness
  • Restlessness
The only way to cope with, or reduce, all such side effects is by working closely with the doctor, and following whatever he/she recommends.
Disclaimer: This PsycholoGenie article is for informative purposes only, and should not be used as a substitute for professional medical advice.