Dr. Meyer Friedman and his colleague R.H. Rosenman worked together and developed a theory about type A individual behavior. They gave the following type A traits of an individual under this personality type.
- People who have a type A personality have an insufficient level of self-esteem and an intrinsic insecurity. This forms the major cause of development of this personality type. This trait is covert and therefore, is not easily observed by others.
- These people are easily irritated and exasperated due to urgency in time and impatience.
- Minor incidents can lead to free-floating hostility in these individuals.
Assessment of Type A Personality
The type A assessment is usually a 15 minute interview that examines verbal and nonverbal behavior. This was a time-consuming personality test and was taken over by a new assessment method put forward by the Jenkins activity survey. This was a paper and pencil questionnaire and was published for the first time in 1979. This method is a highly debatable indicator of Type A personality, as many researchers question the validity of the same as it does not assess the nonverbal behavior that is one of the major indicators of type A traits.
Description of Type A Personality
The term 'type A' is commonly used for people who are rude or impatient or those who are highly competitive. The following description of type A traits can be called the hallmark features of this personality behavior.
- Impatience and Time Urgency: These people tend to get frustrated with everything that makes them wait, even a bit longer than usual. They hate lines, getting stuck in traffic, and will, for example, fight with the receptionist if the appointment does not begin at the scheduled time. They tend to walk at a rapid pace, always aware of the time and always feel like they never have enough time to spare.
- Aggressiveness: These people are found to be rude, impatient and prone to getting easily upset over little things. They are very competitive and have a strong sense of achievement.
- Hypertension: The most common disease in individuals that match the type A personality is hypertension. Almost 84% of these people are at risk of developing high blood pressure.
- Job Stress: These people are caught in jobs that are demanding and many times lead to the development of type A personality. The job stress leads to many health problems and metabolic disorders in such individuals.
- Social Isolation: These people spend a lot of time concentrating on work and this leads to less focus on inter-personal relationships. Their aggressive and impatient nature makes them sound rude, which also leads to social alienation.