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Psychosocial Evaluation in Decision-making Process

Vaishali Satwase Dec 26, 2018
Are you the next Hamlet in the decision-making process? According to psychosocial evaluation, human mind is blocked at 'to be or not to be?' We have many critical questions in our mind. This information will help you for an ideal decision.
"Nothing is more difficult, and therefore, more precious, than to be able to decide." - Napoleon Bonaparte
Tragedy of Hamlet is the tragedy of common man because of lack of decision-making. In literature, Hamlet wanted to avenge his father's death. His father was killed by his uncle whose aim was to marry Hamlet's mother.
Hamlet was indecisive due to many reasons, he was not sure whether his uncle killed his father or not, it was not easy to believe on his father's spirit, and most importantly he was out of proof, etc. That created a drama of five acts.
Well, let's simplify the concept. Decision-making is the final resultant of mental process of exploring various alternatives. Further it can be the manifestation of mind. In this process our unconscious feelings, emotions, and thoughts are compressed and go through a chaotic process, turning them into a result, i.e. decision.

Decision-making Process

Psychological perspective suggests the need to examine individual decisions in context of set or of preferences an individual has and values seeks. Whereas in cognitive perspective, it's a continuous process integrated in response to the environment.
Psychology suggests decision-making to be an outcome after struggling through the options. Decision origins from unconscious level, gradually the feelings moderate with rational thought, and the process moves toward a conscious level.

Why does One Delay in Decision-making?

  • "To be or not to be" is the primary confusion.
  • Self-accusation is another reason.
  • Defensive mental trend: Human mind always try to shy away from truth, as it is unfavorable.
  • Ego: Individual ego that disagrees with ideals and standards of society.
  • Social and cultural impact: Conventional rules have been following for years conditionally, without any challenge and they might be burden/risk while thinking otherwise.
  • Human organizational behavior: This is based on the assumption that we don't want to change, understand things wrongly and plain paradoxes.
  • Potential problems: Illusions due to lack of control over events.

How to Make a Perfect Decision?

Subjective Behavior: Human mind has inertia, so one should bend perception according to the context and needs of individual behavior.

Self-confidence: Social influence affects the creative individuality. Try to bridge the gap between what you want and what you will get.
Introspection: Judge your plans with different hypothesis before implementing. Your self-introspection will reveal the truth prevailing at subconscious level.
Proper planning: First recognize your problem/s, prioritize plans, and follow them up.

Reasoning and Emotional Process: Enforce plans methodically, with applications of logical, creative, technical, or non-logical methods.
Lastly, the psychoanalysis theory by Sigmund Freud in Post-Modernism suggests that the human behavior is complex and subconscious about some aspects of lives that hamper power of decision-making. A perfect decision maker predicts the situation; considers all solutions without any ambiguities and is ready for new challenges.