The word psychometry is derived from the Greek words 'psyche' (mind) and 'metron' (measure)', which means measuring the psychological abilities of a person.
Psychometric testing is an important objective tool that helps in assessing the personality traits of an individual, and hence is the pillar of psychology. The personality profiling achieved through this technique helps determine whether one has the skill sets necessary for a certain organization or schooling, which in turn directs towards a successful career.
The field of psychometry uses several tests and questionnaires according to the necessity of the educational, employment, or healthcare settings. These methods are tools that provide fundamental information about a person's abilities, and are in no way similar to the attainment tests and career assessment tests. In this technique, the emphasis is not on scoring or the knowledge gained, but on the distinguishing features of an individual.
There are two types of psychometric tests: Ability or intelligence tests and Personality tests. Potential employers are increasingly using these tests to judge whether a candidate is well suited for a particular job.
Aptitude or Intelligence Tests
These tests assess your general cognitive abilities of verbal, numerical, and logical reasoning capability to learn new things, and even spatial abilities. The results indicate your work performance, and are important to your employer since they are used to compare with the results of other candidates.
Personality assessment is also an essential factor in addition to possessing an aptitude for a certain job or studies. Your behavioral traits need to be conducive to the choice of your career. Personality traits like sensitivity threshold, motivation, socialization, and the ability to deal with challenging situations are considered hereby. Accurate interpretation of personality metrics is a real demanding task, and proper judgment would definitely prove valuable to the employer in terms of recruiting deserving candidates.
Psychometric testing is rapidly evolving as a decisive method in psychology with lots of efforts and research by psychometricians and psychologists towards creating efficient and reliable tests. Psychometricians analyze the data with high standards of reliability. The branch of psychometry evaluates an individual with a variety of tests related to aptitude, personality, and other abilities to reveal the exact temperament and job inclination.
Testing in Psychiatry
Psychometric testing is an important aspect of psychological assessment while dealing with depression and other mental illnesses. Psychological assessment is a complex process, where psychologists interpret symptoms and correlate it with the person's medical, personal, and family history before starting psychotherapy treatment.
The psychologist cannot fully rely on history and clinical interview alone due to the possibility of deceptive answers by the patient. Therefore, this testing method helps psychologists confirm the diagnosis, and validate their treatment to ensure quick recovery. Moreover, psychological tests can even be fabricated to find out if a person is lying.
Thus, psychometric tests are a theoretical representation of a person's emotional and behavioral attributes. With proper implementation, it would prove to be a boon to the employers for recruitment, job seekers to get their dream job, and the patients seeking psychotherapy to quickly improve their quality of life.
Disclaimer: This Buzzle article is for informative purposes only, and should not be used as a replacement for the advice of a mental health expert.