Stress is defined as the body's response to overdose of anxiety. Anxious thoughts that cross our mind before attending a job interview or giving an important examination, gives rise to stress. Studies show that during a stressful event, the body releases stress hormones, which can trigger a wide range of health problems, that are commonly referred to as physical effects of stress.
► Short-term Impact of Stress
A person under stress is uncomfortable and tends to breathe rapidly. People working under tremendous pressure may also experience trembling of hands and legs. Other health issues associated with stress are given below:
Irregular Bowel Movement
Too much stress can interfere with normal bowel movement. The onset of irregular bowel pattern may be sudden and occur in the form of diarrhea or constipation.
Abnormal Heart Rate
The heart beating faster is a common reaction in people exposed to high stress levels. When dealing with excess stress, the heart tends to pump harder, which may also lead to high blood pressure.
Stress-induced backache and neck pain is a common phenomenon in today's hectic lifestyle. Stress overload causes involuntary contraction of muscles, often in the back and neck area. This decreases the blood circulation in that area, which may eventually give rise to pain.
Decreased Sex Drive
Stress can also have a negative impact on sex drive. People exposed to high levels of stress often complain about diminished sex drive. In other words, with excessive stress, sex life gets drastically affected.
► Long-term Impact of Stress
Short-term stress elevates blood sugar levels temporarily. This is followed by increased secretion of insulin hormone. However, chronic stress causes insulin spikes frequently, to keep blood sugar in check. Initially the body responds but over time, it becomes resistant to insulin activity, resulting in type 2 diabetes, a condition that is typically marked by persistently elevated blood sugar levels.
With repetitive stress, digestive issues are likely to raise their ugly head in the form of intestinal problems. The person may suffer from irritable bowel syndrome, in which the colon (large intestine) is unable to carry out its routine task efficiently.
Chronic stress can diminish the desire to eat food. This usually happens when the person is unable to cope up with stress. Poor appetite resulting from stress may eventually lead to weight loss.
Disclaimer: The information provided in this article is solely for educating the reader. It is not intended to be a substitute for the advice of a medical expert.